On October 3, 1950 – Mr. Shockley, Bardeen, and Brattain patents their first transistor. This invention rises with the new age of electronics. Everything has changed from that time. In the light of this modern transistor technology invention, it starts to replace classic valve amplifiers. Since that time, everyday electronics is smaller and movable. Moreover, that time extraordinary devices became available for the common people – just because of this transistor invention.

A transistor is a semiconductor part that amplifies or switch electronic signals and electrical power. It is a semiconductor material with at least three terminals for connecting the external circuits. It’s a small part of every electronics that we have in our homes. Altought we cannot see it in our daily life, these small devices surround us everyday.

  • Walter Houser Brattain – an American physicist at Bell Labs.
  • William Bradford Shockley Jr. – an American physicist and inventor. Shockley was the manager of a research group at Bell Labs.
  • John Bardeen – an American physicist and electrical engineer. He is the only person to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice!

They all shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for their transisor invention.