Smart City Journey begins on July, 1800.

Alessandro Volta

Alessandro Volta

Italian Volta makes the first modern battery known as a Voltaic pile. Volta proved that electricity could be made chemically. Debunked the theory of generation by solely living beings.

Joseph-Marie Jacquard

Joseph-Marie Jacquard

Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents the automated cloth-weaving loom. The punched cards it uses to store patterns inspired programmable computers.

Henry & Sealy Fourdrinier

Henry & Sealy Fourdrinier

The first modern paper machine was invented in Britain by Henry and Sealy Fourdrinier, and patented in 1806. The same process is used to produce paperboard on a paperboard machine.

Humphry Davy

Humphry Davy

Sir Humphry Davy, Cornish chemist from England developed electrolysis into an important chemical technique and identified a number of new elements.

Humphry Davy

Humphry Davy

Another year of Humphry Davy that develops the electric arc lamp, using a battery of 2,000 cells to create a 10cm electric arc between two charcoal sticks.

George Stephenson

George Stephenson

George Stephenson, the British engineer called ‘the father of the railways’, builds the first practical steam locomotive. His locomotive endured 30 cars with 90 tons.

Robert Stirling

Robert Stirling

Robert Stirling from Scotland, one of the father of hot air engines, came up with a first patent for an air engine, invents the efficient Stirling engine.

Joseph Niepce

Joseph Niepce

Joseph Niepce makes the first modern photography by development of helio-graphy technique. Created the world’s oldest surviving photography of a real-world scene by a primitive camera.

Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday builds primitive electric generators and motors. This apparatus consists of a tube of neutral material wound with a coil of wire, insulated in cotton, and a bar magnet.

William Sturgeon

William Sturgeon

English physicist William Sturgeon made the first electromagnets and invented the commutator, an integral part of the first practical modern electric motor.

TO BE CONTINUED...