As The Guardian said in 2008, at the meeting of the Royal Geographic Society in London, the Earthwatch Institute declared bees the most valuable animal species on this planet.
If the bees disappeared today, humanity would follow them very quickly! Scientists and wildlife experts have added bees to the list of species condemned soon to avoid unless humanity does anything about its most precious insects.
The importance of bees
The loss of bees would be a disaster for humanity because they are irreplaceable. The relationship between bees and flowering plants is one of the most extensive, harmonious, and interdependent cooperation on the planet.
The relationship lasting nearly 100 million years has led to a proliferation of rich species diversity and has also contributed to the rise of the human species on Earth.
There are more than 20 000 species of bees. The vast majority of them live in hives. They range in size from 2 mm to 4 cm and do not adapt well to new plant species.
75% of the food crops producing the seeds and fruits we consume are affected, at least in part, by pollination.
Eighty-seven major food crops around the world depend entirely or partially on pollination. They, in turn, feed thousands of species of animals and birds. They are the main reason for the diversity of plant species.
A drop in the bee population would be adversely affected by major crops such as coffee, cocoa, almonds, tomatoes, and apples, according to reports from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Honey, the oldest known and healthiest sweetener, has been sought since ancient times.
In 2018, there were about 90.5 million beehives in the world, up from about 80 million colonies in 2010. The global production volume of honey peaked in 2015 at about 1.83 million metric tons and has since decreased to about 1.78 million metric tons. Nearly seven billion U.S. dollars valued the global honey market.
This is another huge source of food that would disappear with bees.
The financial value of crops around the world that are directly dependent on pollinators ranges between $ 235 and $ 577 billion per year.
It was a gift of nature. It is almost impossible to rely on an artificial process. The only way to get out of this is to support the process leading to natural pollination.
Deforestation and pesticides
We have already launched processes that may lead to the extinction of the planet’s chief pollinator and, with it, countless other species, including man, in the not so distant future.
The need to feed an ever-increasing population has led to the use of methods to increase production at all costs, in particular, the truncation of trees for agricultural land and the increasing use of pesticides.
40% of invertebrate pollinators, especially bees, are facing extinction.
This has led to a sharp decline in both wild and domesticated bee populations. In some parts of the Earth, huge populations were decimated.
Pests, diseases, and mobiles
Bees have been adversely affected in some areas by the transmission of pests and pathogens from other parts of the world due to globalization.
Blame is also on the waves generated by mobile phones. The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology says bees are disoriented by waves emitted during calls.
Biologist Daniel Favre and other researchers, as reported in The Australian, have provided evidence that bees were disturbed when exposed to electromagnetic waves and warned other bees.
It is also imperative to adopt a total ban on the use of pesticides, in particular neurotoxins, and to use natural alternatives. Agricultural-friendly practices are pollinator-friendly practices.
Growers need to be aware that pollinators need specific crops and act accordingly. Wildlife sites must be protected.
Farmers can diversify farms to create always available food for bees. Restoration of environmentally friendly practices should be encouraged. This will preserve sites for our valuable pollinators.