ADAC has shone on the current offer of electric cars. In their electric car test they counted not only their real consumption, but with regard to the total price and the value of one kilometer of the range.

When we focus on the key features of an electric car, we are mainly talking about driving distance on a single charge, charging time or price. The German automotive club has now shone in the desirable electric car in more detail, and in real-time operations it has focused on measuring several key data. There is a comparison of the reported consumption with the real or the cost of one kilometer of the run in relation to the total value of the car. ADAC also thinks of losses during charging, so he measured how much kWh of electricity is actually needed to fill that battery.

The German car club explains this on the example of the Tesla Model X 100 D. The battery capacity of 100 kWh does not mean that this value will be enough for you to fully charge it. If we take into account the negative effects in the form of losses, they can charge 108.3 kWh for the quick charger. According to the creators, it is as if you refuel a few liters of fuel on the ground when refueling. They are not in the tank, but you have to pay them the same.

ADAC Electric Car Test – real consumption

The first table focuses on comparing real and reported energy consumption. That smaller and lighter cars have the advantage compared to large sedans and a utility van is obvious, but you may be surprised at how far the difference between the two ends of the table is. While the most fuel-efficient Hyundai Ioniq Electric consumes 14.7 kWh of electricity per hundred kilometers, in Nissan e-NV200 it is almost doubled (28.1 kWh). The best Hyundai in the economy table follows Electric Golf and BMW i3.

Model Producer reported consumption [kWh / 100 km] Real consumption in ADAC Ecotest [kWh / 100 km]
Hyundai Ioniq Electric Style 11.5 14.7
VW e-Golf 12.7 17.3
BMW i3 94 Ah 12.6 17.4
Smart Fortwo Coupé EQ Prime 12.9 18.3
Opel Ampera-e First Edition 14.5 19.7
Renault Zoe Intens 13.3 20.3
Nissan Leaf Acenta (ZE0) 15 20.5
Nissan Leaf Acenta (ZE1) 15.2 22.1
Tesla Model S P90D 20 20.4
Tesla Model X 100D 20.8 24
Nissan e-NV200 Evalia 25.9 28.1

The highest battery capacity for the Tesla has the logical advantage of the longest run. From the tested eleven electric cars you will not go any further. Model X had a 100 kWh battery, with which the representatives of the car club went off under real conditions 451 kilometers. The model S followed (90 kWh, 393 km) and the top three of the Opel Ampera (60 kWh, 342 km).

Looking at the other end of the spreadsheet, we find the Smart Two with a range of just 112 km, but they apologize for the smallest of 17.6 kWh batteries. Although the Ioniq is economical, it has a 28 kWh battery, which means 211 kilometers. It’s not that much, but the capacity of 41 kWh is also available today by small Renault Zoe.

ADAC electromobile test – charging losses and real mileage

Model Battery capacity [kWh] Energy consumed for full charge [kWh] Range in real conditions [km]
Tesla Model X 100D 100 108.3 451
Tesla Model S P90D 90 94.5 393
Opel Ampera-e First Edition 60 67.4 342
Renault Zoe Intens 41 49.5 243
Hyundai Ioniq Electric Style 28 30.9 211
Nissan Leaf Acenta (ZE1) 40 44.5 201
VW e-Golf 35.8 34.9 201
BMW i3 94 Ah 27.2 32.6 188
Nissan e-NV200 Evalia 40 46.9 167
Nissan Leaf Acenta (ZE0) 30 32.5 159
Smart Fortwo Coupé EQ Prime 17.6 20.5 112

And in the third part of the test of electromobiles, ADAC entered the price lists, respectively the calculation of the price for one real mileage in comparison with the total value of the car. Because not all represented models are available on the Czech market, the table with German prices in euros remained. Applying Czech prices only in part of the table would simply not be fair.

We dare to say that a potential buyer of an electric car does not hesitate between Model S and Renault Zoe, but it is an interesting comparison. It results from the fact that while Zoe’s mileage is 129 euros, Elon Muska’s products are significantly more. The high purchase price means that you will “give” 256 (Model X) and 316 (Model S) euros per kilometer.

Automobile test ADAC – cost of one kilometer

Model Real Race [km] Base Price [in Euro] Calculated Value per Kilometer [Euro]
Opel Ampera First Edition 342 44.060 129
Renault Zoe Intens 243 35.000 144
Hyundai Ioniq Electric Style 211 35.500 168
Nissan Leaf Acenta (ZE1) 201 35.600 177
VW e-Golf 201 35.900 179
BMW i3 94 Ah 188 36.800 196
Smart Fortwo Coupe 112 23.930 214
Nissan Leaf Acenta (ZE0) 159 34.385 216
Nissan e-NV200 Evalia 167 41.053 246
Tesla Model X 100D 451 115.380 256
Tesla Model S P90D 393 124.200 316



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