A smart classroom is generally equipped with a number of multimedia components with an aim of enhancing teaching and learning. A small class can be defined as an advanced implementation of technology for schools by providing tools and content for learning. The classrooms are new media classrooms or digital classrooms. The concepts of smart classrooms in terms of pedagogical setting and arrangement should be considered when designing smart classrooms in order to transform learning spaces in modern smart classrooms. There are seven basic concepts of a smart classroom: adaptability, comfort, connectivity/IoT, multiplicity, openness, personalization and safety/security.

Adaptability/Flexibility of Smart classroom

Designing smart classrooms requires the concept of flexibility or adaptability to be in mind. Smart classroom arrangement and all the elements must be in a way that it permits agility and variations in settings. For instance, different teaching strategies require different settings and equipments. And some classrooms set for a particular teacher might fail to work for other teachers. Different students also have different learning preferences. Some thrive in group settings while others need one-on-one teaching. It is also important that smart classrooms take into account the evolving technology. The classroom should provide students with an enabling environment where they can appreciate modern technology. Lastly, the mode of presenting lessons should be more dynamic to ensure students are more engaged. For example, a number of options should be available for teachers to give presentations such as video games.

Comfort of Smart classroom

An increasing number of household today have computers connected to the Internet. Students also have access to smart phones. The use of social media platforms has also increased than never before. The incorporation of such digital elements in the class makes students feel more comfortable in learning environment. Educators in smart classrooms are responsible of creating an atmosphere which enhances learning while at the same time supporting the needs and interest of students. Besides, the elements enabling comfort in teaching and learning environment should include couches, comfortable chairs, carpets and pillows. Smart classrooms should provide an environment where learners can carry out a range of activities including reading, writing, debating, watching videos and playing music. It should not only encompass learning, but provide room for maximum comfort to make learning experience enjoyable.

Connectivity/IoT

Connectivity concept is two-fold: an internet connection to devices and informational and social connectivity where students connected  to friends, teachers, professionals and informational sources. The rate at which mobile devices and Internet of Things (IoT) making an entry into the market is terrific and classrooms are one of the early adopters of this technology. Mobile devices have become the heart of the modern generation’s interaction and mobile innovation is enabling enhanced learning. In order to make smart classrooms enjoy the new trend, connectivity is imperative. Today, there are intelligent spaces, location-aware and wearable solutions, IoT devices, Augmented Realty (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) devices for teaching all connected to improve learning experience.

Multiplicity

This concept points to smart classrooms as having capacities enabling the utilization of a number of stimuli and resources. While learning or teaching is going on, such an arrangement allows for creativity to be exercised along with critical thinking and reasoning and can be customizes as much as possible to the various learning styles and needs of learners.

Openness

The concepts relates to the rooted and misleading belief that learning only occurs in the traditional or formal setting of a classroom. In the traditional learning environment, a teacher often presents information and conducts lessons in a transmittal manner. In smart classrooms, learning occurs beyond limited classroom spaces, both virtually and physically. Therefore, setting up smart classrooms needs to consider such extended virtual spaces and the timing so that students can learn beyond the assigned classroom spaces and times.

Personalization

In smart classrooms teachers and students can personalize their settings depending on their needs and likes. Students and teachers customize their learning and teaching environments by introducing activities that reinforce learning and teaching experience.

Safety and Security

Smart classrooms have capabilities that prevent users from physical accidents and serve as a safe haven to information access while connected to the Internet. Therefore, it is important to take into account security systems while designing and conceptualizing smart classrooms.

Summary

In summary, the structure, setting, modalities and concepts of smart classrooms is at making the learning experience matches with individual needs, styles and preferences. Smart classrooms ensure that students and teachers enjoy the natural way of carrying out activities in their personalized spaces. Schools often achieve it  through experimentation, active participation through collaboration, creativity, solidarity and healthy relationship. The main themes of smart classrooms are smart teaching solutions, smart pedagogue and smart spaces. These themes seek to combine collaborative learning and teaching with entrepreneurial pedagogy and the latest technological solutions in creating an effective and modern learning and teaching solution in education systems.

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